Twitter Forces Defeated by Grandmasters in a Chess Game

December 8, 2011

A game of chess was played by a group of Grandmasters against Twitter at the London Chess Classic. It may be a pointer to the power and limitations of decision-making through the social media. It has some parallels with the match played by Deep Blue against World Champion Gary Kasparov, some years ago

The game was reported in The Independent [6th Dec 2011] by Chess grandmaster Jon Speelman. It was played as “a game on Twitter between the grandmaster collective totalling 25,000 chess rating points” [or roughly the combined efforts of around a dozen grandmasters] and what was described as “the denizens of Twitterdom”.

Lightening Chess

As the youtube above indicates, the Grandmasters [playing the black pieces] moved at lightening speed, and with a certain degree of levity.

Tacit knowledge

The video also shows how the moves via twitter are being communicated by an arbiter, and displayed for onlookers on suitably large chess boards. The Grandmasters seem to be playing without a great deal of direct interaction yet were able to sustain a coherence of plan. There is a great deal of shared and tacit understanding of the possibilities of the changing position on the board, but also bounded improvisation around selection of moves. Think of Barcelona playing a game of beach football!

The wisdom of the [Twitter] crowd

The ten grandmasters (black) amused themselves by selecting an opening rarely seen in Master chess. So they did not want to win just by superior technical knowhow. Speelman noted that “The North Sea [opening] is highly provocative but not utterly absurd.”

The Grandmasters get a positional advantage

The grandmaster collective “soon got a very fine position” positional play.

Victory

The game ended in 23 moves, which would be a crushing defeat in high-level tournament play

What happened?

To my (non-masterful) eye, the black forces followed a famous idea of Bobby Fischer which won him a game in his World Championship match against Boris Spassky who was flummoxed by the unexpectedness of the opening.

Consequences for leadership

Leadership is becoming increasingly seen in many situations as better being distributed than left to the whims of a powerful leader. On the other hand, the chess game adds support to such theories.

And what about Big Blue?

Which leaves the unanswered question whether the collective human brain that is Twitter in action would beat today’s version of Big Blue, the program which defeated the then World Chess champion, Gary Kasparov…


Bobby Fischer takes on the world. This is personal

July 31, 2011

A new film explores the psyche of Bobby Fischer, one of the greatest chess players of all time. This not a film review, but explores his chess genius to see what it tells us about the processes of creativity and leadership

The movie [released in July 2011] was Bobby Fischer takes on the World. The title makes play with an English expression which implies that here we have someone who was at odds with the whole of humanity.

Genius is a loosely used term

In Bobby Fischer´s case it refers to the exceptional talent he revealed at very early age. The attention he received even as a child bears comparisons with the fame heaped on youthful prodigies such as Mozart in music, and Gauss in mathematics.

Nature versus nurture again

There is still a lively debate around whether extreme talent is mostly innate, or whether it can be induced in a wide range of people by intensive effort under the influence of a mentor or parental figure. The recent advocates of this view include the father of the chess-playing Polgar twins each of whom attained status of grandmaster. Richard Williams has been quoted as selecting a tennis career and developing the great talents of his tennis playing daughters Serena and Venus.

The Cuban prodigy

Long before the arrival of Bobby Fischer, Chess had its earliest child prodigy in the Cuban Jose Capablanca who was to become World champion highly regarded for the clarity of his thinking in his play. Legend holds that Capa learned chess at the age of three, through watching his father play friendly games at home.

Heir to Capablanca?

In one respect Fischer could be seen as heir to the great Capablanca. At its best, his play is also marked by moves of an unexpected and beautiful nature. They could be said to be acts of creativity. The logic is obvious, but to others only after the event, when the moves of a game are re-analyzed by grandmasters and published in the leading chess magazines.

Bobby´s coming of age

His early promise was fulfilled in astonishing fashion as he moved from schoolboy talent to win the US chess championships at the age of twenty. It was the manner of his winning which produced headlines far beyond chess. He won with eleven straight wins. The 11:0 score line has never been equaled, before or since. The statistics are enriched by the style with which he demolished his opponents, including the strongest American chess players of the day.

Game of the century

One of his victims was the strong master Robert Byrne. Their match has been called the game of the century for the brilliance of Fischer’s play. His creativity is shown in moves which later were to appear as puzzles to be solved as training exercises for young chess-players. The first unexpected move must have come as a great shock to his opponent. Two or three other similarly brilliant moves took the result completely away from Byrne.

A pattern of excellence

For me, the pattern of excellence is of someone able to see beyond the conventions of the day. Chess players operate with sets of principles which guide them to find strong moves, and protect them from making weak ones. Most players operate by finding moves which conform the those principles such as ‘concentrate your forces towards the centre of the board'; ‘coordinate your pieces so that they support each other’. Fischer’s brilliance was in knowing when the principles did not quite apply because of specific circumstances in the game.

Byrne, playing white and had the first-mover’s advantage. He must have thought at first that his young opponent had blundered. Too late, he would then have seen that the shift to what looked like a weaker position had mysteriously revealed structural flaws in the disposition of his own pieces.

As the game drifted out of Byrnes’ control, Fischer uncorked another brilliant move. Not as radically original as the first, but still startling to all but the strongest players studying the game afterwards. The contest was as good as finished.

Creativity and leadership

The pattern of creative brilliance was to be repeated regularly throughout his brief but spectacular career. He went on to defeat Boris Spassky for the world championship. By then, he was showing signs of the mental illness which dogged Fischer for the rest of his life.

For me his creativity has something in common with that which marks the actions of great leaders who transform the way others act and think.

Acknowledgement

To Boylston Chess Club’s blog which has a wonderful set of images of chess players, including the one above, my all-time favourite for its echoes of Leonardo’s Adoration of the Magi.


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